Stress incontinence is the loss of urine with activities such as laughing, coughing or exercising. Leakage results from increased pressure on the bladder causing urine to leak across a weakened sphincter.
Overactive bladder is a condition characterized by symptoms of frequent and urgent urination. It results from an involuntary contraction of the bladder that can produce such a sudden, strong urge to urinate that leakage occurs.
Lower urinary tract symptoms
Common symptoms include, but are not limited to:
- Frequent urination
- Nocturia (waking at night to urinate)
- Urgent urination
- Post void dribbling
- Hesitancy – difficulty initiating urination
- Weak stream
- Intermittent stream
- Incomplete emptying
Neurologic conditions such as Multiple Sclerosis, spinal cord injury or stroke often interfere with the proper regulation of bladder function. The effects can range from lower urinary tract symptoms to a complete loss of bladder control – depending on the degree to which bladder control is affected.
A syndrome characterized by pressure or pain in the bladder that is relieved by voiding.