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Authors Allen GW, Howard AR, Jarrard DF, Ritter MA
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Journal Cancer Volume: 110 Issue: 7 Pages: 1405-16
Publish Date 2007 Oct 01
PubMed ID 17685384

Depending on initial prognostic factors, an estimated 10%-60% of men who undergo definitive radiation therapy for prostate cancer may experience a biochemical recurrence. Even though hormonal therapy is standard for metastatic recurrences, no consensus exists on optimal salvage therapy for those recurrences thought confined to the prostate. Salvage treatment options for these local recurrences have historically been limited to salvage prostatectomy, hormonal therapy, or cryotherapy. Salvage prostate brachytherapy, however, uses a widely available technique and may provide another option for attaining disease control in patients with localized failures, although only about 110 cases have been reported in the literature. In this report, the authors have described their own series of salvage brachytherapy cases as well as presented a review of other such series reported in the literature. In addition, the authors included a comprehensive review of published experiences with surgery and cryotherapy as salvage options. It appears that salvage brachytherapy, when combined with careful patient selection, is at least as effective as other salvage options with comparable or potentially fewer treatment-related side effects. Copyright © 2018 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System