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Authors Zee RS, Herndon CDA, Cooper CS, Kim C, McKenna PH, Khoury A, Herbst KW
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Journal J Pediatr Urol Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 316.e1-316.e5
Publish Date 2017 Jun
PubMed ID 28215834

The resolution rate of prenatal urinary tract dilation (UTD) has been documented in several retrospective studies. The present study analyzed prospective observational registry data, with the aim of determining time to resolution among patients prenatally identified with mild postnatal UTD.A total of 248 subjects, from four centers, were prospectively enrolled from 2008 to 2015. Exclusion criteria included other anomalies (n = 69), fewer than two ultrasounds, and/or <3 months follow-up (n = 26). Resolution was defined as Outcome A (SFU 0) and Outcome B (SFU 0/1). Fisher’s exact test, Mann-Whitney U or Kruskal-Wallis test and Kaplan-Meier were used for analysis.The median follow-up for 179 (n = 137 males) subjects was 15 months (IQR 7-24), range 0-56 months. VCUG was performed in 100 (57%) and VUR identified in 15 (15%). There was no association with reflux and resolution (P = 0.72). For resolution assessment (n = 153), lower grades were likely to resolve and demonstrated a higher rate in the Outcome B classification. Time to resolution also favored lower grades, with the majority resolving within 2 years (Figure). Surgical intervention was performed in 14 (8%). It is interesting to note that regardless of grade of UTD, there was no difference in frequency of US or the time that RUS was first performed. Practitioners performed the first RUS of life within a narrow window ranging from 0.27 RUS/month for Grade 1 UTD to 0.30 RUS/month for Grade 4 UTD. It was speculated that this practice pattern occurrence likely reflected the deficiency in knowledge by primary care providers, and identified a potential opportunity for education. The SFU registry substantiates that the vast majority of patients will demonstrate transient UTD and most cases that do not resolve will improve within 2 years of life. This data could be used to further an evidenced-based approach towards the evaluation and management of prenatal UTD, as outlined in the multidisciplinary consensus statement for prenatal urinary tract dilation.This prospective registry confirms that the majority of prenatal UTD is transient, resolution occurs within the first 3 years of life, and most patients will not need intervention. Redefining SFU 1 as normal increased the resolution rate. A large proportion of patients were not evaluated with a VCUG, therefore impact of VUR could not be determined. Copyright © 2017 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System