|Authors||Jarrard DF, Paul R, van Bokhoven A, Nguyen SH, Bova GS, Wheelock MJ, Johnson KR, Schalken J, Bussemakers M, Isaacs WB|
|Journal||Clin. Cancer Res. Volume: 3 Issue: 11 Pages: 2121-8|
|Publish Date||1997 Nov|
P-Cadherin is a member of the cadherin family of cell surface glycoproteins that mediate Ca2+-dependent cell-cell adhesion and is expressed in a differential fashion in normal epithelial tissues. The expression of P-cadherin in human prostate cancer development has not been investigated previously. By immunohistochemistry, we show that P-cadherin expression is restricted to the cell-cell border of basal epithelial cells in 30 normal prostate samples. This staining is down-regulated in prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and is absent in all 25 of the well to poorly differentiated prostate cancer specimens analyzed. To examine potential P-cadherin-regulatory elements, we sequenced the 5’-flanking region of this gene. Similar to the mouse gene, the human P-cadherin promoter is TATA-less, contains an Sp-1 binding site and, analogous to the human E-cadherin sequence, demonstrates a GC-rich region characteristic of a CpG island. Cytosine methylation of this region occurs in P-cadherin-negative prostate cancer cell lines but not in cell lines expressing this gene. In vivo, a lack of expression in 12 clinical prostate cancer specimens is not associated with methylation of the P-cadherin promoter. These results demonstrate that the expression of the basal cell marker P-cadherin is lost in prostate cancer development and that in vivo mechanisms other than cytosine methylation regulate this consistent loss of expression.