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Authors Bjorling DE, Whitfield JB
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Journal Am. J. Vet. Res. Volume: 47 Issue: 9 Pages: 1984-7
Publish Date 1986 Sep
PubMed ID 3532875

Pneumothorax (45 ml of N/kg of body weight insufflated into the pleural space) in anesthetized dogs ventilated with air caused a significant (P less than 0.05) increase in pleural pressure, central venous pressure, capillary wedge pressure, and venous admixture. Cardiac index (CI) and arterial O2 tensions were decreased. Ventilation with 100% O2 increased arterial O2 tensions, but did not affect calculated intrapulmonary shunting of blood or CI. Application of 10 cm of H2O-positive end-expiratory pressure in the presence of pneumothorax during positive-pressure ventilation and high-frequency jet ventilation reduced intrapulmonary shunting of blood, which remained higher than control values, and caused a further decrease in CI. Cardiopulmonary function during pneumothorax in anesthetized dogs was more profoundly affected by the application of positive end-expiratory pressure than by the form of mechanical ventilation. Copyright © 2018 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System