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Authors Rakich PM, Prasse KW, Bjorling DE
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Journal Am. J. Vet. Res. Volume: 48 Issue: 9 Pages: 1353-7
Publish Date 1987 Sep
PubMed ID 3662206

Clearance of 5 submaximal doses of indocyanine green (ICG) was measured in 5 dogs to determine the maximal removal rate (0.188 mg/kg of body weight/min) and Michaelis constant (Km, 1.25 mg/kg). From these results, 5 mg of ICG/kg of body weight was chosen on the basis of the recommendation that the dose should be at least 4 X Km to achieve sensitivity as a measure of hepatic function and independence from hepatic blood flow. Clearances of low (0.5 mg/kg) and high (5 mg/kg) doses of ICG were measured in 35 healthy dogs to determine reference values. Fractional disappearance was 15.1 +/- 10%/min for the low dose and 3.9 +/- 1%/min for the high dose; plasma half-life was 6.3 +/- 3.6 minutes and 19 +/- 4.8 minutes, respectively. The sensitivity of 2 doses of ICG was evaluated in dogs with 20% and 40% hepatectomy, nonhyperbilirubinemic obstructive cholestasis, or hepatic congestion; sham-operated dogs served as controls. Fractional disappearance and plasma half-life of ICG in the 40% hepatectomy and hepatic congestion groups were significantly different (P less than 0.05) from those in controls using both ICG doses, indicating that both doses were affected by hepatic perfusion, as well as hepatic mass. The fractional disappearance of the dye in the cholestasis group also differed significantly (P less than 0.05) from that of the controls at the high dose. Plasma clearance of both doses by dogs with 20% hepatectomy was not significantly different from that of controls. Copyright © 2018 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System