|Authors||Bjorling DE, Saban MR, Zine MJ, Haak-Frendscho M, Graziano FM, Saban R|
|Journal||J. Urol. Volume: 152 Issue: 5 Pt 1 Pages: 1603-8|
|Publish Date||1994 Nov|
Studies of human bladder inflammation have been limited to examination of urine, bladder biopsy, or examination of autopsy material. We have developed an in vitro bladder passive sensitization technique which can measure type I responses of isolated human bladder tissue. We have compared these results using human tissue to those obtained with bladder tissue from guinea pigs and Rhesus monkeys. In our studies, bladder tissue was passively sensitized in vitro for 20 hours with immunoglobulin-containing serum. Subsequent antigen challenge of the passively sensitized tissue resulted in a time-dependent contraction that was accompanied by tissue histamine release. Contractions of guinea pig, monkey and human bladder tissue reached 79%, 100% and 78% of the maximal contraction induced by potassium chloride. In contrast, adjacent strips of unsensitized tissue had no detectable response to antigen challenge. The responses were reduced in the presence of histamine H1 receptor blockade with pyrilamine and abolished in the presence of a concomitant blockade of leukotriene synthesis with nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA). Blockade of cyclooxygenase activity with indomethacin increased the contraction of the sensitized guinea pig bladder in response to antigen challenge. These findings demonstrate that in vitro passive sensitization of human bladder tissue can be used to investigate basic mechanisms of noninfectious bladder inflammation in humans.