|Authors||Jerde TJ, Mellon WS, Fischer SM, Liebert M, Bjorling DE, Nakada SY|
|Journal||J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. Volume: 309 Issue: 1 Pages: 398-403|
|Publish Date||2004 Apr|
Prostanoids produce significant effects in the ureter, particularly in response to obstruction. Ureteral obstruction is associated with increased prostanoid synthesis via cyclooxygenase induction; however, prostaglandin degradation mediated by 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) has not been evaluated in the ureter. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PGDH steady-state mRNA, protein, and enzyme activity are altered in the human ureter during obstruction. Human ureteral segments from patients undergoing donor nephrectomy (normal segments) or ureteral stricture repair (obstructed segments) were obtained with proper informed consent. We evaluated PGDH steady-state mRNA relative to ribosomal protein S26 reference gene by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Vistra Green fluoroimaging. We determined PGDH protein content relative to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by immunoblotting and PGDH localization by immunohistochemistry. PGDH enzymatic activity was determined by measurement of conversion of 15-hydroxy- to 15-keto-prostaglandin using thin layer chromatography separation. We found that PGDH mRNA and protein were decreased 4- to 6-fold, and enzyme activity was decreased >3-fold in obstructed human ureter relative to normal controls. PGDH was localized to the urothelial cells, with little or no expression in smooth muscle. Our results indicate that PGDH mRNA, protein, and enzyme activity are suppressed in the human ureter during obstruction. Increased concentrations of prostanoids subsequent to ureteral obstruction seem to be due to decreased degradation as well as increased synthesis. Modulation of prostanoid degradation may have therapeutic relevance in obstructive disorders of the ureter.