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Authors Wang ZY, Olson EB, Bjorling DE, Mitchell GS, Bisgard GE
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Journal J. Appl. Physiol. Volume: 104 Issue: 3 Pages: 803-8
Publish Date 2008 Mar
PubMed ID 18096755
Abstract

Sustained hypoxia (SH) has been shown to cause profound morphological and cellular changes in carotid body (CB). However, results regarding whether SH causes CB type I cell proliferation are conflicting. By using bromodeoxyuridine, a uridine analog that is stably incorporated into cells undergoing DNA synthesis, we have found that SH causes the type I cell proliferation in the CB; the proliferation occurs mainly during the first 1-3 days of hypoxic exposure. Moreover, the new cells survive for at least 1 mo after the return to normoxia. Also, SH does not cause any cell death in CB as examined by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-X nick-end labeling assay. Taken together, our results suggest that SH stimulates CB type I cell proliferation, which may produce long-lasting changes in CB morphology and function.


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