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Authors Herndon CD, Ferrer FA, McKenna PH
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Journal J. Urol. Volume: 165 Issue: 2 Pages: 559-63
Publish Date 2001 Feb
PubMed ID 11176435

Little data are available on the appropriate followup protocols for patients treated medically or surgically for vesicoureteral reflux. We surveyed urologists who primarily practice pediatric urology to determine current practice patterns for following patients treated for vesicoureteral reflux.A 1-page survey was mailed to the 225 members of the American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Urology. The mailing roster and labels were provided by the American Academy of Pediatrics. The survey included questions on the followup of patients with low and high grade reflux treated medically or surgically. Returned surveys were blindly tabulated by 2 independent reviewers (F. A. F. and P. H. M.).Of the 225 surveys 155 were returned and analyzed for an overall response rate of approximately 61%. Urine culture is routinely performed by 64% and 71% of respondents to follow children with uncorrected low grade reflux and those with high grade reflux undergoing medical treatment, respectively, generally at 3 to 6-month intervals. To follow patients with reflux voiding cystourethrography or radionuclide scan is performed yearly by 99% of study participants, while 77% perform ultrasound. Renal scan and excretory urography are done infrequently. The timing of the surgical correction of unresolved asymptomatic reflux and/or when to discontinue antibiotics in these cases varied significantly among survey respondents. After antireflux surgery 92% and 91% of respondents perform voiding cystourethrography and ultrasound, respectively. Recommended followup after ureteroneocystotomy varied greatly among survey participants.The overwhelming majority of practitioners agree on the timing and type of radiographic studies to be used to follow children treated for reflux and the majority routinely perform urine culture. Opinion on the continuation of antibiotics and timing of surgical intervention for asymptomatic unresolved reflux is divided. Wide variation exists on the recommended followup after reimplantation. Copyright © 2018 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System